The Effectiveness of the STEM-based Differentiation Learning Model on Merdeka Curriculum Learning Outcomes


  • Yohanes Bowo Widodo Universitas Mohammad Husni Thamrin Jakarta
  • Miftachul Amri Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Via Yustitia Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya
  • Ni Desak Made Santi Dwyarthi Politeknik Pariwisata Bali
  • Adrie Oktavio Universitas Ciputra Surabaya
  • Andika Dirsa UIN IMAM BONJOL



Differentiation Teachings; STEM; Learning Outcomes, Independent Curriculum


This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the STEM-based differentiation learning model on the results of independent curriculum learning. This type of research is quantitative research with a meta-analysis approach. This research data comes from 10 national journals published from 2021-2024. Search research data through the mendeley, google scholar, Wiley and Researchgate databases. The data collection technique is purposive sampling. The criteria for the data included in the meta-analysis are research published in the last 3 years 2021-2024; Research must be related to STEM-based differentiation learning on student learning outcomes in the independent curriculum, research must be open access, research comes from indexed journals Science Technology Index (SINTA) and Scopus and research reports complete data to calculate effect size values. Data analysis is quantitative data analysis by calculating the effect size value of each data with the help of the JAMOVI application. The results of the study concluded that STEM-based differentiation learning had a positive effect on the independent curriculum with an average effect size value of 1.06. These findings provide important information for teachers implementing STEM-based differentiated learning in schools.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdul Rahman, Ilwandri, Tomi Apra Santosa, Revi Gina Gunawan4, Yayat Suharyat5, Ringgo Putra6, A. S. (2023). Effectiveness of Problem-Based Learning Model in Science Learning: A Meta-Analysis Study. WINNER : Sports Journal, 8(2), 713–726.

Aguanda, Setiawan, A., Anwar, M. S., Wardana, M. R. F., & Yambasu, R. A. (2023). The Effect of Differentiated Learning on Improving Student Learning Outcomes. Delta-Phi: Journal of Mathematics Education, 1(1), 46–50.

Aliyyah, R. R., Rasmitadila, Gunadi, G., Sutisnawati, A., &; Febriantina, S. (2023). Perceptions of elementary school teachers towards the implementation of the independent curriculum during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Education and E-Learning Research, 10(2), 154–164.

Brodersen, R. M., & Melluzzo, D. (2022). Summary of research on online and blended learning programs that offer differentiated learning options. REL, 1–23.


Chamisijatin, L., Pantiwati, Y., Zaenab, S., &; Aldya, R. F. (2023). The implementation of projects for strengthening the profile of Pancasila students in the implementation of the independent learning curriculum. Journal of Community Service and Empowerment, 4(1), 38–48.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., Lecturer, P., Morrison, K., &; Lecturer, S. (2007). Research Methods in Education. Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor &; Francis Group, an informa business.

De Jager, T. (2013). Guidelines to assist the implementation of differentiated learning activities in South African secondary schools. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 17(1), 80–94.

Elfira, I., &; Santosa, T. A. (2023). Literature Study : Utilization of the PjBL Model in Science Education to Improve Creativity and Critical Thinking Skills. Journal of Science Education Research, 9(1), 133–143.

Fakhrudin, I. A., Probosari, R. M., Indriyani, N. Y., Khasanah, A. N., &; Utami, B. (2023). Implementation of STEM Learning in the Independent Curriculum: Mapping Readiness, Obstacles and Challenges in Junior High School Teachers. RESONA : Scientific Journal of Community Service, 7(1), 71.

Fauzan, B. A., Akbar, S. F., Kusnadi, D., &; Sofyan, A. (2023). Changes in Students' Cognitive Abilities through STEM-Based Learning in Elementary Schools. Mosharafa: Journal of Mathematics Education, 12(1), 89–100.

Forbes, C. T. (2013). Curriculum-Dependent and Curriculum-Independent Factors in Preservice Elementary Teachers' Adaptation of Science Curriculum Materials for Inquiry-Based Science. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 24(1), 179–197.

Fradila, E., Razak, A., Santosa, T. A., Arsih, F., &; Chatri, M. (2021). Development Of E-Module-Based Problem Based Learning (PBL) Applications Using Sigil The Course Ecology And Environmental Education Students Master Of Biology. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), 27(2), 673–682.

Hidayati, S. A., Hariyadi, S., &; Putra, P. D. A. (2024). Development of STEM-Based Educational Games As Differentiated Learning Media to Improve Students' Creative Thinking Skills. Journal of Paedagogy, 11(1), 1.

Intiana, S. R. H., Prihartini, A. A., Handayani, F., Mar'i, M., &; Faridi, K. (2023). Independent Curriculum and the Indonesian Language Education throughout the Era of Society 5.0: A Literature Review. AL-ISHLAH: Journal of Education, 15(1), 911–921.

Marlina, M., Kusumastuti, G., &; Ediyanto, E. (2023). Differentiated Learning Assessment Model to Improve Involvement of Special Needs Students in Inclusive Schools. International Journal of Instruction, 16(4), 423–440.

Meyad, N. A., Roslan, S., Abdullah, M. C., &; HajiMaming, P. (2014). the Effect of Differentiated Learning Method in Teaching Arabic Language on Students Motivation. Journal of Social Science Research, 5(1), 671–678.

Mulbar, U., Bernard, B., &; Enchantment, R. R. (2018). Application of Problem-Based Learning Model with Differentiation Learning Strategy in Class VIII Learners. Issues in Mathematics Education (IMED), 1(1), 1–6.

Munte, A. (2022). Philosophy of Giorgio Agamben-Homo Sacer's on the Independent Curriculum for Learning in Indonesia: Critical Reflection. International Seminar Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of Tamansiswa, 1(1), 464–468.

Nurtamam, M. E., Santosa, T. A., Aprilisia, S., Rahman, A., &; Suharyat, Y. (2023). Meta-analysis : The Effectiveness of Iot-Based Flipped Learning to Improve Students' Problem Solving Abilities. Edumaspul :Journal of Education, 7(1), 1491–1501.

Oktarina, K., Santosa, T. A., Razak, A., &; Ahda, Y. (2021). Meta-Analysis : The Effectiveness of Using Blended Learning on Multiple Intelligences and Student Character Education during the Covid-19 Period. IJECA International Journal of Education &; Curriculum Application, 4(3), 184–192.

Onwumere, D. D., Cruz, Y. M., Harris, L. I., Malfucci, K. A., Seidman, S., Boone, C., &; Patten, K. (2021). The Impact of an Independence Curriculum on Self-Determination and Function in Middle School Autistic Students. Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, and Early Intervention, 14(1), 103–117.

Petrie, G. M., &; Darragh, J. J. (2003). Educative Curriculum Materials : A Promising Option.

Prasetyo, Y. D., Syahmani, S., Sasmita, F. D., Misbah, M., Azhari, A., Warohmah, A., Masila, R., &; Anadia, N. (2023). Differentiated Learning through the Preparation of STEM-Based Chemistry Teaching Materials in Wetland Environments in the Independent Curriculum. High Ridge: Journal of Community Service, 5(4), 1695.

Purwasih, J. H. G., Kurniawati, E., Hadi, N., &; Utami, I. W. P. (2021). Developing an Independent Curriculum: Village Development Project as an Equalization of Thesis. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 16(7), 135–145.

Rahayu, C., Warlizasusi, J., Ifnaldi, I., &; Khairiah, D. (2022). Concept analysis of the independent learning curriculum in the mass of covid 19 at early childhood education institutions. Al-Athfaal: Scientific Journal of Early Childhood Education, 5(1), 25–37.

SANTOSA, T. A., &; YULIANTI, S. (2020). The effect of giving quizzes on increasing students' motivation to learn biology at SMA Negeri 7 Kerinci. Edusaintek : Journal of Education, Science and Technology, 7(2), 1–18.

Semarang, U. N., Martanti, F., Widodo, J., Rusdarti, R., &; Priyanto, A. S. (2022). Proceedings of the ISSN Postgraduate National Seminar 26866404 Strengthening the Profile of Pancasila Students through Differentiation Learning in Social Studies Subjects at Mobilizing Schools. Proceedings of the National Postgraduate Seminar, 5(1), 415–417.

Suharyat, Y., Santosa, T. A., &; Satria, E. (2023). The Effectiveness of STEM-Based Learning in Teaching 21 st Century Skills in Generation Z Student in Science Learning : A. Journal of Science Education Research, 9(1), 160–166.

Suparman, Juandi, D., &; Tamur, M. (2021). Problem-Based Learning for Mathematical Critical Thinking Skills : A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Hunan University (Natural Sciences), 48(2), 133–144.

Suryati, L., Ambiyar, &; Jalinus, N. (2023). Evaluation of the Implementation of the Independent Curriculum with a Technology-based Learning Model. Journal of Educational Research and Development, 7(3), 438–447.

Suryono, W., Haryanto, B. B., Santosa, T. A., Suharyat, Y., &; Sappaile, B. I. (2023). The Effect of The Blended Learning Model on Student Critical Thinking Skill : Meta-analysis. Edumaspul - Journal of Education, 7(1), 1386–1397.

Tahiri, J. S., Bennani, S., &; Idrissi, M. K. (2017). diffMOOC: Differentiated learning paths through the use of differentiated instruction within MOOC. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 12(3), 197–218.

Tamur, M., Jehadus, E., Nendi, F., Mandur, K., & Pure, V. (2020). Assessing the effectiveness of the contextual teaching and learning model on students' mathematical understanding ability: A meta-analysis study. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1657(1).

Thompson, G., & Atkinson, L. (2010). Integrating Self-Access into the Curriculum: Our Experience. Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal, 47–58.

Utomo, W., Suryono, W., Santosa, T. A., &; Agustina, I. (2023). The Effect of STEAM-Based Hybrid Based Learning Model on Students' Critical Thinking Skills. Journal of Science Education Research, 9(9), 742–750.

Vennix, J., den Brok, P., & Taconis, R. (2017). Perceptions of STEM-based outreach learning activities in secondary education. Learning Environments Research, 20(1), 21–46.

Zainuri, A. (2022). Implementation of Independent Curriculum Learning in Islamic Education and Character Subjects at MIN 1 Palembang. Islamic Education: Journal of Islamic Education, 11(I), 1229–1242.

Zulyusri1*, Tomi Apra Santosa1, 2, Festiyed1, Yerimadesi1, Yohandri1, Abdul Razak1, S. (2023). Effectiveness of STEM Learning Based on Design Thiking in Improving Critical Thinking Skills in Science Learning : A. Journal of Science Education Research, 9(6), 112–119.




How to Cite

Yohanes Bowo Widodo, Miftachul Amri, Via Yustitia, Ni Desak Made Santi Dwyarthi, Adrie Oktavio, & Andika Dirsa. (2024). The Effectiveness of the STEM-based Differentiation Learning Model on Merdeka Curriculum Learning Outcomes . Indonesia Journal of Engineering and Education Technology (IJEET), 2(2), 173–181.